Tag Archives: tips

How to boot a MacBook without its internal display

I discovered this trick while repairing a MacBook Air with a broken screen. Mine additionally had a software problem that meant it wouldn’t start up far enough to recognize the display I had connected via Mini DisplayPort. To fix this, you have to:

  1. Power off the MacBook
  2. Connect an external keyboard, mouse and display
  3. Press the power button on the MacBook and immediately close the lid!

The MacBook will now show its EFI boot screen and all (mac)OS output on the external monitor, allowing diagnosis and software restore, as well as enabling normal usage as a “clamshell” Mac.

How to tweak your iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch without jailbreaking


This is a very nerdy and complex post about how to modify your mobile Apple device using custom iTunes backups. This is especially relevant in a time when there’s no jailbreak and thus no way to break out of Apple’s restrictive App Store ecosystem to truly customize your device.

This post was made due to a request on Reddit. It is intended for medium to very tech-savy users though I will try to explain most things in layman terms. Please note that in case you (or I) screw up, you can always use the original backup of your device to undo any changes you made and get things working again.

Please read how to make an iTunes backup of an iDevice and how to restore an iDevice from a backup before attempting any of the below.

What you will need:

  • iDevice (iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch).
  • USB cable to connect your device to your computer.
  • A Mac or Windows computer that meets the system requirements here.
  • An internet connection.
  • iTunes application installed on your computer.

Continue reading How to tweak your iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch without jailbreaking

Polaroid shooting Tips ‘n Tricks Part Three: Preserving the moment

Welcome back to the final part in the “Polaroid shooting Tips’n Tricks” series! This time, I’m going to explain different things that you can do to protect your image after taking it.
In case you haven’t read the previous posts in the series, make sure to check those out as they include tips on choosing the right camera & film combo as well as setting things up to achieve a great looking photograph.

Previous posts:

Part One: Choosing camera + film
Part Two: Capturing the moment

Let’s assume you have set things up and taken the image. Before we go into detail on post-shooting techniques, it’s good to know… Continue reading Polaroid shooting Tips ‘n Tricks Part Three: Preserving the moment

Polaroid shooting Tips ‘n Tricks Part Two: Capturing the moment

Welcome back to another iteration of Polaroid shooting Tips ‘n Tricks!
This is a series full of tips for getting the most out of your Polaroid camera! Part one was about choosing the right camera and film for yourself to use.
Part two is about pre- and mid-shooting techniques. It also features some of the lastest Polaroids that I took during the past two weeks! Part three is about “Preserving the moment”.
Enjoy! 🙂

Choosing the subject – without remorse

Pigeon Double Exposure
Can you spot the pigeon? Yep, that’s 2,5€ down the drain.

Taking Polaroids these days would be less of a hassle if the images weren’t so expensive. The average Polaroid photo on Impossible film costs about 2,5€ for normal and 1,25€ for Factory Seconds packs (excl. shipping and discounts). This is why getting the shot right seems to be more important than ever. However, don’t let that ruin the experience of instant photography! If you see something worth capturing, go for it! (See Impossible’s #nowornever campaign)

Not everything looks good on Polaroid, though. The following kinds of images are probably not going to come out right using instant cameras:

  • Scenes with very bright and dark areas
    Most Polaroid cameras have relatively basic optics in them. Unless you’re shooting with an SLR 680, don’t expect the images to look perfect. Especially light / dark contrasts in images are a challenge for single-element fixed-focus plastic lenses, take this image as an example. More examples below!
  • Moving subjects
    If you want to capture something in motion, your best option is to attempt and follow the subject with the camera, taking the image somewhere during the sweep. This can yield a reasonably sharp subject with blurred background (but might also give a completely shaky / blurry image). You’re probably better off taking the image with your smartphone or digital camera and using an Instant Lab to capture it on Polaroid.
  • Close-Ups (esp. AF cameras)
    If you’re using a CL (close lens) equipped camera, those are just fine for closeups. However, with an autofocus or fixed-focus camera, closeups won’t be a lot of fun. I’ve had extremely mixed results ranging from great to terribly out of focus when shooting with my AF 660.  🙁
    See the gallery right below:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Framing the shot

Unlike most of today’s analog and digital pictures, Polaroid 600 and SX-70 images are (obviously) square. In addition, because classic Polaroid cameras were made mainly for portrait photography, focus is sharpest in the center of the image and autofocus cameras will always attempt to focus on the center of the image.  This means that most photographic rules of thumb that you might know don’t necessarily apply on Polaroid format.
However, the following two basic framing techniques can be applied to Polaroid photography:

  • Rule of Thirds

The bend of the path was consciously placed exactly at the interseciton of the left and bottom thirds in this image:

Hiking was fun, but these ghostly images make you feel more like turning around and running downhill again.
“Hiking was fun, but these ghostly images make you feel more like turning around and running downhill again.”
  • Center the subject

This one might seem like no technique at all because it’s so basic, but placing the subject of your Polaroid image in the center is actually a good idea for many reasons:
– The center of the image will always be the sharpest spot.
– There is a slight vignette effect at the edge of many Polaroids.
– Classic Polaroid cameras were made for Portrait photography with the subject in the middle.
– AF cameras will always focus on the center of the image.

Things to note when framing the shot:
– Polaroid photos are quitte narrow in comparison to standard 4×3 images. Take care while framing the shot in order not to position things at the very edge of the photo, they’ll seem unimportant and be slightly out of focus! (remember, AF cameras focus in the middle)
– Be careful not to cut anything off by incorrect framing! On all non-SLR Polaroid cameras, the actual image the camera will capture is slightly to the right of what you see in the viewfinder!!

Setting things up

Depending on when and where you’re taking the photo, different settings should be used on your camera. Impossible has some good support documents detailing what settings to use in which situations and with which model of camera:
“Explanation of dark & light settings”
– How to use the flash: “My photo are over or under-exposed with the flash”

When you’re arranging the subject(s), take some extra time and take some quick digital test images (LOL! Back in the 70s, Polaroids were used for test images!) to check wether the scene looks right. This will also help you with remembering when and where you took the Polaroid image. It’s no shame to rearrange chairs and people for your image since the print will cost an instant 2,5€ (no pun intended).
The following shot took about five minutes of preparation and involved lots of sticky tape to keep everything in place!

How to press the shutter

With everything set up and ready to go, it’s time to press that shutter button! On 600 cameras, use the small black tab under the red button to take the image without flash.

That’s it for this part of “Polaroid shooting Tips ‘n Tricks”! To read the third and last part, click here.

To stay up to date with posts on CONATH.me, either follow me on Twitter or Facebook or sign up for the email newsletter. Please share any additional tips and thoughts in the comments below!

Polaroid shooting Tips ‘n Tricks Part One: Choosing camera + film

Hey, y’all, and how’s it going?
As I promised earlier, here’s a series full of tips for getting the most out of your Polaroid camera! Part one is about choosing the right camera and film for yourself to use.

Part Two: Capturing the moment
Part Three: Preserving the moment

Choosing the right camera

As you might already know, there are four kinds of classic Polaroid cameras distinguished mainly by the film they work with: SX-70, 600, Image/Spectra and 8×10. As selecting the camera is a very important task, I have compiled a list of scenarios and a corresponding camera recommendation for you:

  • You are an amateur / new to the world of Polaroid photography
    Your best choice: a 600 box-type camera. Any model in good condition will do, but cameras with CL (close lens) or AF (autofocus) features can take sharper images.
  • You have some experience with Polaroid cameras and photography
    It might be time to upgrade to a more professional camera. If you don’t already have one, you should now get a CL or AF-equipped camera. For even better image quality, consider getting an SX-70 camera. The film speed is slower on those but also shows more detail than 600 and Image/Spectra images. If you’re looking for one of the most iconic Polaroid cameras, have a look at the SX-70 Sonar Land Camera (not at the price tag tho…).If you’re looking to change things up a bit, why not try an Image / Spectra camera? The images are slightly wider than normal Polaroids and share film characteristics with the 600 film (see below).
  • You’re an experienced Polaroid photographer looking for the ultimate shooting experience
    8×10 cameras / film are the perfect fit for you. This format allows for advanced shooting techniques and uses some of the best cameras.

What camera I use, you ask? I am using a Polaroid Autofocus 660 camera because it’s robust and produces very sharp images – even sharper than my previous camera, the 600 CL.

Choosing the right film (for the right task)

After choosing your camera, the range of suitable films will be limited to the type of camera: SX-70, 600, Image/Spectra or 8×10 film.

  • SX-70 film has a film speed of ASA/ISO 150. This gives for a big amount of detail while reducing the chance of overexposed images e. g. when shooting outside as the film is generally less sensitive to light than 600 or Image / Spectra film. This, however, is also a downside of SX-70 film, as slower film speeds require longer shutter speeds in order to achieve bright images. If you’re feeling very adventurous, you can try using an Neutral Density filter plus 600 film in your SX-70 camera.
    Tldr; hold your camera steady and you can get impressive results!
  • 600 film: Images taken with this film (ASA/ISO 640) boast bright and vivid images even at low light at the cost of image quality compared to SX-70 film. The chance of blurred images is reduced thanks to faster shutter speeds. 600 cameras are also newer than SX-70 cameras and their mechanics and automatic exposure can be more reliable. (Why is the image quality worse? You could say that the resolution of the image is lower because the chemical “pixels” are bigger. This allows them to capture more light in the same amount of time.)
    Image/Spectra film is chemically identical to 600 and therefore shares characteristics and film speed. The image area is slightly wider on this film, producing wide-format rectangular results. Great for capturing a landscape in a single shot.
  • 8×10 Film is the only choice if you’re using an 8×10 camera.
    The film speed is about 600 ASA/ISO.

Color or Black-and-White?

In my opinion, this is one of the most difficult pre-shooting decisions.
It depends on the motif you’re planning on shooting. If you’re going to take pictures of very structural subjects like buildings and abstractly looking scenery, black and white film can help to direct the viewer’s attention to shapes instead of colors. B&W images can also have a darker atmosphere and tend to look more old-fashioned than colored ones. On the other hand, taking a picture of the colorful flowers in your garden doesn’t necessarily make sense on b&w film. You get the idea.

That’s it for part one of this series of Polaroid shooting Tips and Tricks. Check out the other posts in this series: part two “Capturing the moment” (pre-shooting and mid-shooting techniques) as well as part three “Preserving the moment” (post-shooting tips including development, modification and storage of the images).
Got tips to share with everyone? Feel free to do so in the comment section below!

Please make sure to have a look at my previous posts and follow me on Twitter or Facebook to get notified when new ones arrive!